蕭壠文化園區兒童美術館 2018.12.19 - 2019.10.27
Siao-Long Cultural Park Children's Art Museum

展覽策劃:許岑竹 Curator: Tsen-Chu Hsu
本展覽啟發自17世紀電影史前史時期(Pre-Cinema Period)的視覺玩具(Optical Toy)。早在19世紀電影發明以前,17世紀當時許多科學家和藝術家已利用光影、視覺感官和視覺暫留現象,創造出許多奇幻又精緻的視覺玩具裝置,例如魔術幻燈(Magic Lantern)、動畫盤(Zoetrope)、立體影像(Stereo Photography)和手翻書(Flip Book)等。然而,這些玩具並非純指為玩具,它們是能夠被欣賞者操作、把玩的藝術品,它們是科學與藝術的結晶,也是孕育日後電影發展的先驅;更可貴的是,這些玩具電影裝置並不仰賴電力科技,它們的材料僅為紙張、木頭或是簡單的機械結構等,它們是科學家和藝術家們巧妙運用視覺現象而完成的藝術品。2019年度於蕭壠兒童美術館所策劃之「家庭五金電影院」展覽,便是以電影史前史時期之視覺玩具作為概念基礎,以家庭和五金用品為材料,創作出新復古風的視覺玩具裝置;除了向前人科學與藝術傑作致敬之外,同時也期盼能夠扮演起承先啟後的教育功能,透過本展覽帶給兒童新的知識、顛覆既有觀念以及激盪創意靈感。

Household Hardware Cinema” is based on the concept of pre-cinema before 1895, the year when motion pictures were screened to the public. Back then, motion pictures were evolving while optical toys were developed. Visual sensory and persistence of vision allowed artists and scientists to invent unplugged devices for moving images. Inspired by the creativity and ingenuity of our predecessors, I use household hardware to create a “new ancient style” cinema. The exhibition, which pays homage to the scientific and artistic works in history, is also equipped with educational functions. Parents, teachers, and children can learn collaboratively through interactive learning and educational videos.

家庭五金電影院分為五大展區:

家庭五金轉轉神奇兩面看爆爆哥頭髮秀回家自己做現場動手做
There are five sections in the exhibition : 
Spin! Household HardwareMagical Visual Puzzle
Wild Hair ShowDo It at Home Do It Here
 

家庭五金轉轉轉 

Spin! Spin! Spin! Household Hardware

猜猜看,這些裝置是由什麼家庭五金材料改造?為什麼轉一轉就會有電影跑出來呢?
答對了,這些裝置是由「抽油煙機濾網座」、「打蛋器」還有「排水座」打造出來的。我們利用這些材料本身的「柵欄」或是「縫隙」結構,加上一明一暗的洞距設計,再經由視覺暫留原理,因此只要輕輕轉動它們,透過縫隙看進去,裡面的電影就會像有魔法一樣動起來囉!

Make a guess, what kind of hardware do we use to build this cinema? Why do the images move just through spinning? You got it! The cinema is built with grease filters of a range hood, an egg whisk, and a drain catcher. We take advantage of the fencing and slit structures and cover them with shutters while leaving some gaps in between. When spinning, the images inside are flashed in front of our eyes to create a cyclical animation from persistence of vision. All the images start moving just like magic! 

神奇兩面看 Magical Visual Puzzle

《神奇兩面看》是使用洗衣板仿造 19 世紀的視覺玩具 Bisceneorama。以前的人類是使用紙張折疊成連續的山谷狀,在左右不同角度的兩面上繪畫;從正面觀賞的話,因為角度的關係,反而會「看不懂」,必須要左側看、右側看才能知道原來畫了什麼圖案在上面,因此創造出一種風趣的視覺密碼。
你也來解密看看吧!

The concept of “Magical Visual Puzzle“ derives from Bisceneorama, an 19th optical toy, which was made in consecutive mountain and valley folds with different drawing on each side of the folds. In the exhibition, a washboard is used here to achieve similar results. The whole image makes no sense at all from the front view. Pictures only emerge when viewers stand from the left or right. The intriguing design creates an interesting visual puzzle. Come and solve it! 

爆爆哥頭髮秀 Wild Hair Show

太酷了,爆爆哥的頭髮噴了藥水之後,可以一直換不同的造型,實在好神奇啊!這是怎麼做出來的呢?這是阿尼馬動畫工作室的張淑滿導演所製作出來的喔!爆爆哥每換一個動作和一個髮型,張淑滿導演就要畫一張新的圖、換新的物品,接著再用照相機一張一張拍下來,之後上傳到影像剪輯軟體成為動態的影片,再搭配生動活潑的音效和音樂,《爆爆哥頭髮秀》就產生囉!張淑滿導演也特別準備拍攝動畫的教學影片,包含如何使用手機APP 軟體: I Can Animate 和 iMotion,你也來試試看吧!

So Cool! The hairstyle of Bow Bow keeps changing like magic! Amazing! How does this happen? The video is produced by Director Shu-man Chang in Anima Animation Group. All the frames are hand-drawn by Chang. For every change of a single move and hairstyle, Chang needs a new sheet to draw a new image and places a new object in each frame. All the sheets have to be photographed and then uploaded to the video editing software. With some lively sound effects and music, the animation of “Wild Hair Show” is completed. Director Chang also makes tutorial videos on how to make an animation and how to use mobile APPs “I Can Animate” as well as “iMotion”. Let’s try it now! 

回家自己做 Do It at Home

老是覺得家裡的玩具不夠多?讓我告訴你幾個可以回家自己做的玩具吧?這些玩具不用電、也不昂貴,只要使用紙張和簡單的文具就可以完成。而且我相信你一定還可以自己研發出更具有創意的視覺玩具,別忘了到時候也要分享讓我們知道喔!

Having too few toys at home? You can learn how to make your own toys, which are unplugged, inexpensive, and can be made just by paper and stationary. And I believe you will create more innovative optical toys. Don’t forget to share with us!
我想要特別為你介紹更多獨特的電影裝置和視覺玩具。它們跟這裡的作品很類似,都是透過一格一格快速轉動的方式,再加上一些巧思,例如透過鏡子、放大鏡或加上轉軸和馬達設備,使原本靜止的連續圖案或照片好像被賦予了生命一般,在我們的面前活動了起來!

There are more unique devices of motion pictures and optical toys for you to learn. They are very similar to our works in this Cinema. We can create moving images just through spinning fast frame by frame. With some smart gadgets such as mirrors, axis of rotation, magnifiers, and motors, still images are brought to life and start their actions!

現場動手做 Do It Here

今天看了這麼多不一樣的作品,是不是靈感湧現,很想馬上大展身手呢?請領取一份動畫盤紙模型(一人一日限領一份),剪下紙型後,把想要呈現的動作或是圖案,以分解且連續的方式,一格一格地畫在紙型上(順時針、逆時針都可以)。之後,再用磁鐵固定紙型在轉盤上,用手輕輕轉動轉盤,眼睛透過紙型的縫隙觀看你所畫的圖案,神奇的事情就會發生!我們非常歡迎你把作品留在這邊與其他小朋友分享,你也可以拿取其他小朋友的作品放在轉盤上欣賞,記得,欣賞完之後再幫忙把作品放回原處唷!

After seeing these different works, are you inspired and excited to make your own motion images? Please ask our staff for a paper model for the animation tray (one model per person a day).  Cut out the shape and draw sequence of movements or pictures frame by frame (clockwise or counterclockwise). After finishing manual sketches, fix it on the rotating tray with magnets. Try to spin it and see the pictures through the slits. Something magical happens! You are welcome to leave your work here to share with other children. You can also fix the works of others on the tray to see the magic. Please place them back to where they belong to. 

《飛天小熊》復古動畫箱
動畫飛行館 友情贊助展出

展覽策劃:許岑竹
主視覺設計:劉欣玫
電影裝置製作:許岑竹
電影裝置櫃設計:陳品菡
動畫設計:林盈采、許岑竹、鈴木悠哉
布展助理:張蓓玲
布展顧問:張蓓玲、陳品菡
影片製作:潘琇菱
英文翻譯:陳依婷
展場設計:軒齊室內裝修設計有限公司
展場工程:盟瑋室內裝修有限公司
特別感謝:張淑滿、黃景東丶徐舒亞、葉雅雯、陳若怡、陳竜偉、楊婉儀、楊其聰和蕭壠文化園區全體同仁

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